|old Las Vegas Mormon Fort
State Historic Park
Seeking Religious Freedom, the Mormons, members of the Church Of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, left the United Sates in 1846 for the West.
After the arrival of the Mormon Pioneers to the Great Salt Lake Valley in July of 1847, under the direction of the Twelve Apostles, with Brigham Young as Chief Apostle, the Latter-day Saints began the settling of Salt Lake City.
Soon after, surrounding settlements were started. And not long thereafter, Brigham Young and the Saint's Colonization of the Mountain West had begun.
Other Pioneers choose the more hospitable lands of Oregon or California. The Mormons sought for a place to worship God in peace, away from the persecutions and intolerance. They settled where others avoided or passed by because of its difficulties. Mormons settled in the hard lands and the less popular areas.
They looked upon this land as a Promised Land.
Christians believing they were establishing, under God's direction through Apostles and Prophets,
His Kingdom on Earth.
The settlers and their leaders then came together and formed their government to regulate their affairs and growth. The State of Deseret was born with Brigham Young as Governor. The name taken from a Book of Mormon passage meaning honey bee - symbolizing Industry.
Like the Salt Lake Valley, the State of Deseret was made up of mostly land that was generally considered to be inhospitable for cultivation, and thus settlement, as well as areas that were sparsely populated.
It included most of present day Utah and Nevada, as well as parts of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and California - including it's southern coast areas of Los Angelos and San Diego.
"... solitary places to bud and to blossom, ..."
Brigham Young's foresight , from not yet discoverys of Gold, Silver, Oil, and other Minerals, as well the growth of Great Cities, Commerce, Tourism, and all, would have made the State of Deseret the richest state in the union.
And as an independent nation very rich and powerful.
Mexican - American War
With the end of the Mexican - American War in 1848,
the area of the State of Deseret and California came under American control.
In 1849 Brigham Young sent to the United States Congress a petition for the State of Deseret to become a state in the United States of America.
The Great Colonizer